Medical is derived from the word medicine which stands for the study and practice of medicine. It involves the study, act of researching on how to treat illnesses in human and animals. Medicines, gloves, bandages, cutting equipment, injections and other equipment are used in medicine. Most of this equipment cannot be recycled and reused therefore it is disposed of. This bring about medicine waste. In order to prevent the spreading of infections, medicine waste must be thrown away carefully. Some medicine waste can be treated and reused. Some companies known as medical waste disposal companies facilitate treatment and disposal of medicine waste. The following are the ways of performing medicine waste disposal and treatment.
Use of chemical is the first medicine waste treatment method. Chemical treatment is done by adding a chemical to medicine waste so as to eradicate all the organisms and bacteria which can’t be seen. Chemicals such as calcium oxide and chlorine are used. The treatment process may also produce harmful gases hence a person should be in protective gear and be keen when carrying out the treatment process. Chemical treatment of medicine waste is an on-site method. It is mostly carried out in the health facilities.
The second method is burying or land disposal. Treated and decontaminated medical waste is normally buried in the ground or disposed on land where burning can be done later. Medicine waste which lacks any other method of disposal can be disposed on land or buried. In case treatment of medicine waste is impossible, sanitary landfills are used to prevent water and soil from being contaminated. Injection wells are used in disposing of risky liquid medicine waste. The medicine waste is thrown away in fenced areas where only the authorized people are allowed to get in.
The other process of treating medicine waste is autoclaving. Autoclaving involves the heating of medicine waste at high temperatures so that all the bacteria and microorganisms are killed. A special furnace is used in subjecting the medicine waste to high temperatures. One should consider the size of the size of the autoclaving furnace before purchasing one.
Subjecting medicine waste to radiation is also used in treating medicine waste. Gamma rays which have low wavelengths are used in the irradiation process to bring about sterilization.
Microwave treatment is the other method of treating medicine waste. Microwave treatment is just like irradiation but it uses microwaves to decontaminate medicine waste which has moisture. Water can be added to dry medicine waste before being put in the microwaves.
These are the most common processes of medicine waste treatment and disposal.